MS Office and VBA

This category holds articles regarding general things in MS Office VBA independent from the MS Office application.  

In case you need the temp directory on a Windows machine in VBA, the following method might do the trick for you.

Source Code

It looks up the TMP or TEMP system environment variable.

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' @Author - Alexander Bolte
' @ChangeDate - 2017-05-09
' @Description - Gets the path to a directory either available
' under the "TMP" or "TEMP" system environment variable.
' @Returns a String providing the directory registered in the users
' system under the corresponding environment variable.
Public Function getTempDirectory() As String
    Dim dirPath As String
    
    dirPath = IIf(Environ$("tmp") <> "", Environ$("tmp"), Environ$("temp"))
    
    getTempDirectory = dirPath
End Function

 

Ever since I am working in roles providing technical support for Identity and Access Governance, I am often confronted with the need of printing and archiving a lot of mails for audit trail.

I do despite this task not only because it is annoying but also because there are much better ways for documenting audit proof history than using a document based system.

Anyway ... Since this task is annoying I wrote a little script in VBA to print all selected emails.

Source Code

This will go into a class called PdfPrinter. It utilizes MS Word in order to print /convert emails to PDF.

Utilizing MS Word is not the best option since the other Application has to be handled properly in order to close Word properly after the job is done. Else you are facing lost references and the application stays open in RAM and the user does not even see it is still running.

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Option Explicit
 
Sub SaveMessageAsPDF()
    Dim tmpFileName As Variant
    Dim MyDocs As Variant
    Dim Selection As Selection
    Dim obj As Object
    Dim Item As MailItem
    Dim wrdApp As Word.Application
    Dim wrdDoc As Word.Document
    
    Set wrdApp = CreateObject("Word.Application")
    Set Selection = Application.ActiveExplorer.Selection
 
    For Each obj In Selection
       Set Item = obj
       Dim FSO As Object
       Dim TmpFolder As Object
       Dim sName As String
       Set FSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
       Set tmpFileName = FSO.GetSpecialFolder(2)
       
       sName = Item.Subject
       sName = replaceCharsForFileName(sName, "_") & Format(Now, "hh_mm_ss")
       tmpFileName = tmpFileName & "\" & sName & ".mht"
       
       Item.SaveAs tmpFileName, olMHTML
       Set wrdDoc = wrdApp.Documents.Open(FileName:=tmpFileName, Visible:=True)
       
       Dim WshShell As Object
       Dim SpecialPath As String
       Dim strToSaveAs As String
       Set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
       MyDocs = WshShell.SpecialFolders(16)
          
       strToSaveAs = MyDocs & "\" & sName & ".pdf"
    
       ' check for duplicate filenames
       ' if matched, add the current time to the file name
       If FSO.FileExists(strToSaveAs) Then
          sName = sName & Format(Now, "hhmmss")
          strToSaveAs = MyDocs & "\" & sName & ".pdf"
       End If
     
       wrdApp.ActiveDocument.ExportAsFixedFormat OutputFileName:= _
            strToSaveAs, _
            ExportFormat:=wdExportFormatPDF, _
            OpenAfterExport:=False, _
            OptimizeFor:=wdExportOptimizeForPrint, _
            Range:=wdExportAllDocument, _
            From:=0, To:=0, Item:= _
            wdExportDocumentContent, _
            IncludeDocProps:=True, _
            KeepIRM:=True, _
            CreateBookmarks:=wdExportCreateNoBookmarks, _
            DocStructureTags:=True, _
            BitmapMissingFonts:=True, _
            UseISO19005_1:=False
    Next obj
    
    wrdDoc.Close
    wrdApp.Quit
    Set wrdDoc = Nothing
    Set wrdApp = Nothing
    Set WshShell = Nothing
    Set obj = Nothing
    Set Selection = Nothing
    Set Item = Nothing
End Sub
 
' This function removes invalid and other characters from file names.
Private Function replaceCharsForFileName(ByVal sName As String, sChr As String) As String
    sName = Replace(sName, "/", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "\", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, ":", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "?", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, Chr(34), sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "<", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, ">", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "|", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "&", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "%", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "*", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, " ", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "{", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "[", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "]", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "}", sChr)
    sName = Replace(sName, "!", sChr)
    
    replaceCharsForFileName = sName
End Function